A relic from napoleonic times

A relic from napoleonic times

Erich and marcus olbrich today we want to devote our attention to an old tramp stucco. The old road from galgenberg to melkendorf is a relic from napoleonic times. Almost forgotten and somewhat neglected, it was once an important part of an old military route that led from west to east.

Just a few years ago, when walking from heinrich-hoffmann-strabe, you could see the remains of a historic paving of roughly grouted natural stones.

She was a "reichsstrabe of supra-regional "sovereign" nature status and part of the medieval trail network and led across the red main, past the original wurzburg parish church in melkendorf (before 1007), over the galgenberg, through kulmbach to the "stone bridge in the weir.

When entering the city from the west, the "richtgalgen" stood here in a prominent place next to the road as a deterrent. From the second half of 18. At the beginning of the twentieth century there is a section of a map entitled "road to culmbach". A long-distance road then ran from bamberg via thurnau and melkendorf.

Near katschenreuth a guide road, mentioned in a document in 1389, branched off to weismain.

At the then traffic junction kulmbach it divided in the direction of hof and kronach. Fortifications were built along the trench to provide security, such as the plassenburg, steinenhausen, the magnus tower and others.

The path in the katzbach valley led over an apparently artificially constructed dam about 400 meters long and about five meters wide on average.

An avenue of apple trees, now about 90 years old, has been planted on the damm, and the city of kulmbach takes care of the gardening of its historic apple varieties and adds to them as necessary. Originally, there was only one ford across the creek, which can swell considerably during rainfall.

In order to ensure a year-round dry passage, a new road was built in the valley towards the end of the 18th century. A bridge was built in the middle of the eighteenth century. Its arch, composed of sandstone ashlars, spans the katzbach river.

It is a fine testimony to the masonry of yesteryear, this bridge on the border between the districts of kulmbach and melkendorf. The bridge is about eight meters long and eight meters wide. It is built with rough, hewn sandstone blocks in mortel technique. The arched culvert is about 1.50 meters high and three meters wide. With the exception of a "slab board", the breasts are no longer received. The keystone in the culvert of the structure bears the inscription "1799".

Margrave carl friedrich alexander sold his margraviate to the king of preuben, and kulmbach was granted on 16. January 1791 preubic. The width of the bridge shows that in the past the road was wider as well. Why? According to an imperial law of the hohenstaufen period, such "high roads" had to be crossed two horsemen can ride past each other with their lances crossed in safety.

In our area such bridge constructions have become rare and represent a peculiarity of undoubtedly supraregional importance. Next to the bridge, on the right bank of the stream, there is a prominent, two-meter-high, massive rectangular stone with the inscription "grenzmarke der stadt kulmbach" ("border marker of the city of kulmbach"), probably affixed around 1900. Until the incorporation of katschenreuth, leuchau and melkendorf on 1 january 2009, the katzbach formed a "high stream". July 1976 the boundary between the city of kulmbach and the municipality of melkendorf.

Hopefully, this cultural monument with the surrounding natural idyll will remain undamaged.


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